In this chapter, you are going to learn about the cloud and local builds and what are the most important difference between the two. You will also see what are the requirements and steps needed to build your app for Android and iOS.
You might ask yourself what are the differences between the Cloud and Local builds?
No preliminary setup is required to build in the cloud
You do not need to install any additional SDKs or frameworks to build your app in the cloud. For example, you are not required to install the Android SDK or the Java Development Kit. In comparison, to build locally you need to set up your development machine as explained in the Install iOS and Android Requirements for Local Builds article.
Build for iOS in the cloud on all major operating systems
The cloud builds negate the requirement to have a macOS system to build your app for iOS. You can use a Windows or Linux system to develop NativeScript apps for iOS.
To build your apps in the cloud, you need a Telerik account. You can create one for free from here.
Let's see what are the requirements to build your app for Android. As mentioned above, to build Android apps locally, you need to have all the requirements installed on your machine. In this tutorial, we are going to build the app in Debug configuration. However, if you plan on building the app in Release configuration, you need to have a valid Google Play certificate.
If you do not have Sidekick running, launch it now and open your app. To open the build view, select Run and then Build. Select Android for target platform, choose a Build Type, and leave the Configuration to Debug. Click on the Build button to start building the app.
The initial build might take longer to complete because the app is undergoing a complete build. However, most of the data is cached and then reused in consequential builds. This is what we call "incremental builds" and it will significantly reduce the time required to complete a build.
While you are waiting, you might want to inspect the log produced during build. To access it, click on the Output button located in the bottom right corner of the client. Under the All tab, you will see unfiltered information about the build, including the build steps, warnings and errors. The Errors tab will show only errors that have caused the build to fail.
For Local Build, when the build process is complete, you can install the
APK manually or start the android emulator and verify if the Devices section displays your device and click on Run on Device. This will restart the build process and deploys the app to emulator device. The Device Console tab will show logs from the device.
For Cloud Build, when the build process is complete, you will be presented with a QR code and a local path to the produced application package (
APK). You can install the
APK manually or use an Android device with installed barcode scanner app to scan the QR code. This will download your app directly on the device.
It is time to see how you can build your app for iOS. As mentioned above, to build iOS apps locally, you need to have a properly configured macOS system.
To build your app for iOS, you need to provide a valid certificate and mobile provision. For more information about iOS code signing, see The iOS Developer Program.
In this tutorial, instead of going through the cumbersome process of creating a certificate and mobile provision in the iOS Dev Center, we are going to use another feature of NativeScript Sidekick - the code signing assistance. Before you continue, open the Code Signing Assistance article and follow the steps outlined there to generate a temporary development certificate and mobile provision. If you have your own certificate and mobile provision, feel free to skip this step.
The temporary code signing assets can be used to build your app only in Debug configuration. To build your app in Release, you have to manually create a valid distribution certificate and distribution provisioning profile.
Now that you have a certificate and mobile provision, let's move on and actually build the app. If you do not have Sidekick running, launch it now and open your app. To open the build view, select Run and then Build. Select iOS for target platform, then keep hovering on the iOS platform box and click on the settings icon (the cogwheel). Provide the certificate and provision generated with the code signing assistance or your own and close the dialog. Choose a Build Type and leave the Configuration to Debug. Click on the Build button to start building the app.
When the build process is complete, you will be presented with a local path to the produced application package (
IPA). You can install the
IPA manually on a device through iTunes. If you have used the code signing assistance, you can install the app only on the devices connected to your machine while you were generating the temporary certificate and mobile provision.